EDMUND WILSONS ESSAY MARXISM AND LITERATURE
According to him the structural organizations of society evolves from the methods of production in the society and from these structural forms evolve higher activities such as politics, law, religion, philosophy, literature and art. Newer Post Older Post Home. Thus the relation between art and society is reciprocal. Indu C July 9, at 8: The Marxists who fail to understand this complexity can not interpret the real meaning of the text.
He was himself specified as an organizer and fighter. Great works were first produced and the rules and principles were formulated later. They believed in the Renaissance ideal of the complete man, the different aspects of man which accomplishes perfection through participation in varied activities. A man who applies Marxist principles without understanding literature would go horribly wrong. The truth is that there is short range and long range literature. It is not merely a philosophical and political theory, it is a great force of social change. While he wrote extensively on the relationship between political ideologies such as Marxism and Literature, he opposed any pre-formulated critical frameworks, or what he called “a process of lopping and distortion to make [the work] fit the Procrustes bed of a thesis.
He admired Aeschylus for his grandeur, and liked the Greek Mythological figures of Zeus and Prometheus for their defiance. He looked at proletarian dictatorship from the stand point of view. It is not a ed,und or theoretical mmarxism also a potent force for social change. The confusion in the leftist camp is because they are unable to find out whether they want short range or long range literature. Unknown 18 March at A work of art is not a simple expression of a social or moral message; it is a complex vision of life and this complexity has to be appreciated before one can arrive at its real meaning.
But Lenin who occupied a central role in the Russian Revolution ofbelieved in such specialization. In anx works of art is much more implied than what marxksm explicitly stated. He said that both proletarian culture and proletarian literature would be dangerous things because they would incorrectly compress the culture of future into the narrow limits of the present day. Every department of intellectual life was corrupted…Thus Marxism in Russia has run itself into a blind alley.
Edmund wilson’s essay marxism and literature summary
Edmund Wilson opposes this view; he says that it is wrong because literature and art are peace time activities. This disillusionment is reflected mzrxism this essay. S than the period of the communist revolution. In other words, democratic values are not the monopolies of Marxism; they are a world-wide phenomenon in this age of the common man.
According to him they never believed that art and literature are conditioned and determined by social and economic standards. When this work was in progress, Wilson became disillusioned with Marxism as it was preached and practised under the dictatorship of Stalin.
If Marxism means the use of the language of common man for the purpose of high literature, wilsos has been seen in USA much before the communist revolution. The myth was maintained until the real Dos Passos started criticizing ezsay events in Russia. The real intention of a great writer may be different from the surface meaning of the work. Marxism can tell us nothing about the goodness or badness of art and literature.
English Literature: Marxism and Literature: Edmund Wilson
Wilson states that now Literature degenerated into mere journalism into mere tools of propaganda to be used nu the government for its own socio-economic purposes. A Marxist cannot judge a work of art purely on the basis of its artistic value. The exponents of these higher activities constitute groups with their own standards and values which divide the society into different classes. Marx and Engels They never furnished socio-economic formulas to furnish the validity of art.
Anonymous February 21, at 9: Posted by drsreekumarenglishliterature at According to him, it is only an imagination because eighty percent of the people are illiterate and the writer has no means to communicate with them. The essay Marxism and Literature is taken from The Triple Thinkers, which reflects his disillusionment with Marxist literature.
They believed in the Renaissance ideal of the complete man, the different aspects of man which accomplishes perfection through participation in varied activities.
UGC NET PLATFORM: Marxism and Literature : Edmund wilson
According to him the structural organizations of society evolves from the methods of production in the society and from these structural forms evolve higher activities such as politics, law, religion, philosophy, literature and art. But the new Marxist followers did not understand literature from this perspective.
Trotsky said, had as yet communist culture, it had only a political culture. Lenin, Trotsky and Gorky worked sincerely to keep literature free. Engels raised his voice against the dangers of literature written with a specific political inclination.
Edmund Wilson was deeply influenced by Marxism.